Energetic use


Wood is the oldest source of energy in the history of mankind and is still available today as a sawing by-product as a result of its high industrial use. Disasters such as beetle infestation or windthrow pose major challenges for the wood industry and require the creation of new energy sources in order to avoid dead loss. But raw material competition also puts other renewable raw materials in the focus of thermal use. We therefore constantly conduct research into new raw materials and processes for efficient biomass processing. In the biomass pilot plant, we develop new products and optimise output, quality, and pelleting.

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Where wood is chopped, splinters must fall

We focus our research efforts on all forms of biogenic solid fuels such as wood chips, shredder wood, pellets and briquettes and the renewable raw materials for their production. We thus help the biomass industry to cope with current challenges from standardization and legislation, as well as with technology leaps and the differentiation of the product range, also beyond the energetic use, all the way to the functional and material use of resources.

Biomass research in all sizes and time scales

  •     Molecular level: e.g. odour and emission engineering of pellets, chemometric sensor systems and process modeling, controlling ash melting behaviour through additives
  •     Product level: e.g. meeting quality criteria for new raw materials, raw material screening
  •     Laboratory scale: e.g. small-scale experiments from Single Pellet to biological or technical raw material modification
  •     Biomass pilot plant scale: for all tests that would not be possible in practice or would be difficult in running plants
  •     Process level: e.g. instruction and implementation of tests on raw materials, mix, performance, and optimisation according to statistical test plans
  •     Global dimension: e.g. development of logistics solutions through mobile pelleting
  •     Virtual level: e.g. modeling processes, designing processes and technologies, sensor-based process control, Big Data, statistical process control, and Industry 4.0
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Contact Persons


Head of biomass pilot plant


Dr. Martin Weigl-Kuska

P:+43 1 798 26 23-839
E:Get in touch

Biomass laboratory


Ing. Irene Spitaler

P:+43 1 798 26 23-39
E:Get in touch

Our services


Raw material screening

We evaluate the raw material potential of wood types, quality classes, energy crops, agricultural residues, residues of other industrial production, or additives such as starch, thereby creating a valid basis for decision making.

Upgrading fuel quality

We constantly conduct research into processes, e.g. to keep water, ash, and nutrient content low in fuels, to avoid unfavourable ash melting behaviour, and to make products stable in storage.

Process modeling

At our biomass pilot plant, we model industrial production. This helps to save raw materials, make processes more efficient, develop new products, and optimise existing products.

Plant tests

Tests on the industrial plant must be carried out with great care. We will guide you in this delicate mission based on statistical test plans and we will determine optimal process conditions.

Technology development

We develop sub-processes and entire process concepts and offer alternatives to the state of the art. We optimize die geometries through rapid prototyping using 3D printing, laboratory and technical centre tests.

Sensor systems

Using new methods for online measurement and offline quality control, we are able to produce consistently high fuel quality and to react to process fluctuations in real time.

Cooperative projects


TimberLoop

Due to the further CO2 storage and resource savings in each new life cycle, its high availability and many synergistic effects, construction timber from previous use has…

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Smart & Urban Tree

Can we use wooden, structural measures to mitigate the increase in summer temperatures in public spaces in Vienna? Together with the Technical University of Vienna, we…

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Bauen mit Laubholz

Project purpose is to establish foundations for an effective use of local hardwoods as construction products. Priorities are to develop new processing methods to increase…

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Coole Hülle

The main USP of the project lies in the development of a future-oriented ventilated wooden façade that counteracts and at least partially compensates for increased room…

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Coole Fenster

Windows with shading optimising the trade-off between summery overheating, wintery heat protection and adequate illumination

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Mindwood

Functional inkjet printing for smart wooden construction elements with integrated monitoring

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SimBraWood

Numerical simulation of the fire behavior of wooden structures

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Bau-Cycle

The project “Sustainable building material cycles by means of material analysis and pollutant separation” aims to close essential gaps in the circulation of construction…

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Crackless Wood

Cracking is one of the main reasons for degradation of exterior wood coatings. Without proper maintenance, these cracks lead to complete coating failure. The project…

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ThermNat

Building components with sustainable materials: focus (hygro-) thermal conditions

Details

Available infrastructure:


  • Biomass pilot plant
  • Thermogravimetry: Leco, simultaneous determination of ash content for six samples in three-fold determination
  • Calorimeter: IKA, Calorific value determination and bomb digestion for elemental analysis
  • Abrasion tester: In-house development, mechanical strength of pellets
  • Vibratory screening machine: Retsch AS 300, Sieve tower 305 mm diameter, all common sieve sizes, fine fraction determination, sieve analysis, fractionation
  • IC/UV/CD: Thermo Fisher Scientific, ion chromatography with UV and conductivity detector, sulfur and chlorine content
  • Single-pellet press: In-house construction in combination with Zwick Roell Universalprüfmaschine 100 or 250 kN, heated die, various inserts for compaction and material flow studies
  • 3D printer: Prusa, rapid prototyping e.g. for die geometry
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